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Find here a selection of opinion, background and analysis on the social, political and economic situation in Colombia.

Mining and Migration

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In Colombia there are more than five million displaced people, from different regions of the country.

Looking more closely to the phenomena, we will see that the vast majority of displaced people comes from mining areas: 80% of the violations of human rights occur in the mining and oil municipalities, which are 35% of the national total, 87% of forced displacement, 78% of crimes against trade unionists, 89% against indigenous and 90% against Afro-descendants.

In these areas there has been a concentration of paramilitary violence, displacement, disappearances, killings and torture. The crime “committed” by these citizens is to live in areas where there is great wealth.

The massive extraction of mineral resources by multinationals, has been a strategic project of the various governments. As a result of this State policy, millions of people living in these areas have been forced to move. And small miners who have practiced for hundreds of years this profession, are treated as criminals.

At present this policy of delivery of resources to the highest bidder has been extended in the proposed "economic locomotive" of the government of Juan Manuel Santos. Through the Strategic Mining Areas (AEM) over 20 million hectares in concession are being delivered to multinational mining.

The data show that multinationals have never brought economic and social benefits to the peoples of the mining areas. On the contrary, poverty and misery come from the hand of companies extracting minerals.

Could it be that as a result of the "big" mining, as it is already happening in Colombia and in various parts of the world, one day we will have to migrate to other countries to beg a piece of bread?

On the African continent something very similar is happening: millions of migrants are leaving they countries that are paradoxically rich in natural resources, especially oil, natural gas, diamonds, rare earths and coltan.

Wars are fought, but they are not ethnic wars, as the mainstream press says, these are wars imposed by the multinational empires to seize these countries’ wealth.

The Democratic Republic of Congo with the world's largest reserves of coltan; Iraq, Libya and Syria with oil and natural gas among others, are an example. Today thousands of Libyans, Syrians, Iraqis and Congolese are risking their life to leave their countries in any type of boat.

Multinationals and European governments, responsable of the displacement, reject these people begging for a job in any country in Europe, subjected to the most brutal discrimination as Arabs (Moors), or Latin American (sudacas).

Juan Leonel Perez, Antonio Lopez Velez

Source: www.prensarural.org

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