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Tuesday, 30 May 2017 00:00

Communiqué # 19 of the Follow-up, Promotion and Implementation Commission of the Final Agreement

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During the last two weeks, the Follow-up, Promotion and Implementation Commission of the Final Agreement (CSIVI for its Spanish acronym), made up of representatives of the National Government and the FARC-EP, met uninterruptedly in Bogota with the purpose of ensuring compliance with the foreseen commitments of the Final Agreement, including the one related to D+180 [Being D the day in which the agreement came into force and 180 the days passed since then] and to project the next phase of implementation.

As a result of this work, a roadmap has been constructed that includes decisions on the following issues:

I. Conversion of the Transitional Zones into Territorial Areas of Qualification and Reincorporation:

  • A transition period is established between June 1 and August 1, during which the current regime of the Transitional Zones and Points is maintained. During this period, the conversion of the Transitional Zones into Territorial Areas of Qualification and Reincorporation will be prepared, including the corresponding discussions with the departmental and municipal authorities, and the communities. Progress will also be made in the preparation of FARC-EP members for their reincorporation.
  • On August 1, 2017, the Transitional Zones and Points will be converted into Territorial Areas of Qualification and Reincorporation in conditions of full institutional normality. The Areas will serve to qualify members of the FARC-EP for their reincorporation into civilian life, prepare productive projects and meet the technical training needs of communities in a model of communitarian reincorporation.
  • In order to explain the different aspects of the implementation of the Final Agreement as soon as possible, visits will be made to the Transitional Zones by the Peace Committee of the Congress of the Republic, members of the FARC-EP that are part of the CSIVI, the National Council of Reincorporation and the Secretariat [of the FARC-EP], as well as the various State entities responsible for the reincorporation of the FARC-EP into civilian life and in general in the implementation of the Agreement.

II. Commitments of the FARC-EP:

Without prejudice to the compliance of the rest of the assumed commitments in the Final Agreement, the FARC-EP undertakes to:

   1. Compliance with D +180:

  • From June 1 to June 20, all members of the FARC-EP, including militias, will have left arms and transited to legality, except those who must perform tasks of identification of caches, extraction of weapons and security of the existing camps in the Transitional Zones (ZVTN for its Spanish acronym). The United Nations will receive the weapons, deposit them in the containers and certify the lay down of weapons of each of the members of the FARC-EP. After signing the Act of Commitment, members of the FARC-EP will receive accreditation from the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace (OACP for its Spanish acronym) which will allow the transit to legality. This procedure must be done between the 5th and 20th of June of 2017.
  • Before the end of existence of the Transitional Zones (ZVTN), the United Nations will proceed to the extraction of all the stored weapons. The UN will have the control, monitoring and verification of the containers. By August 1, the United Nations will remove the containers from the Transitional Zones and certify the compliance of the FARc-EP with the decommissioning of weapons process.
  • A detailed plan for the removal of weapons and the destruction of unstable material (explosives) in caches of the FARC-EP has been agreed, a plan to be implemented by the FARC-EP and the United Nations. Three (3) months following June 1, 2017. The plan includes all necessary information for the location of the caches by the United Nations and the chronogram for their extraction. The United Nations, in coordination with the FARC-EP, will request security and any other support required from the National Police and the Military Forces. The caches that don’t get dismantled will be at the disposal of the National Government, which will count with the collaboration of former members of the FARC-EP who will work with the National Government in the location and dismantling of these caches.
  • Before August 1, the National Government and the FARC-EP will agree on the construction of the 3 monuments indicated in the Final Agreement.

III. Commitments of the National Government:

Without prejudice to the compliance of the rest of the assumed commitments in the Final Agreement, the National Government undertakes to:

   1.1. Legal certainty:

  • The National Government will take all necessary measures before concluding the decommissioning of weapons process to ensure the application of amnesty or conditional release to all members of the FARC-EP accredited in the lists of the OACP that remain in deprivation of liberty.
  • The arrest warrants of each of the members of the FARC-EP will be suspended after they have left arms and transited to legality until their legal status has been resolved through the application of the amnesty or in the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP for its Spanish acronym).
  • A presidential resolution will be issued under the terms of Law 1820 to apply amnesty to all members of the FARC-EP accredited by the OACP who are not in prisons.

   1.2. Physical Security:

The following law decrees will be issued in relation to:

  • The Comprehensive Security System for the exercise of the politics
  • The Special Investigation Unit of the Prosecutor's Office, that numeral 74 of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) contemplates
  • The Elite Police Corps will be set up, under the terms of the Final Agreement by June 15, 2017, which will primarily act against criminal organizations operating in the territories where the FARC-EP used to make presence.
  • The pilot plans for the dismantling of criminal bands will be implemented in Buenaventura and Tumaco no later than June 15, 2017.
  • The training by the National Protection Unit to the designated FARC-EP members who have laid down their weapons before the United Nations and have been accredited by the OACP will begin on the week of June 5.

   1.3. Socio-economic security:

  • Once the process of decommissioning of weapons and transit to legality has been completed, members of the FARC-EP will receive the support for their reincorporation under the terms of the Final Agreement (monthly basic income equivalent to 90% of the SMMLV [Current Legal Monthly Minimum Wage] for 24 months,
  • The Law Decrees of economic and social reincorporation and reform of the Colombian Agency for the Reintegration of Persons and Armed Groups will be issued in the next hours.
  • A working group will be established to structure and recommend, within the next 60 days, viable productive projects to be implemented by ECOMUN [The cooperative project that the former combatants will develop] or other organizations. The resources to implement these projects will be given within 30 days after their viability by the CNR [National Reincorporation Council].
  • Before the Transitional Zones come to an end, the implementation of pilot projects by the Ministry of Agriculture in them will be concluded.

IV. Verification and international accompaniment

By June 30, 2017, the international verification component must be activated in all its aspects, which implies that:

  • The National Government and the FARC-EP will request the Secretary-General and the United Nations Security Council to anticipate the task of verifying the mandate of the second United Nations mission, if possible, before July 10.
  • Beginning of the verification activity of the notables, activation of the technical secretariat and technical support by the Kroc Institute before June 30.
  • International accompaniment will also be activated in all its components.
  • The first United Nations mission will continue until the end of its mandate.

The guarantor countries, Cuba and Norway, will continue to accompany the CSIVI, at least, until the end of the decommissioning of weapons process. The two sides express their appreciation and highest consideration to the guarantor countries for their work and dedication.

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