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Description

An important and new achievement of these peace talks was the creation of a
Gender subcommission on September 7, 2014. The Commission was created in order
to "review and ensure, with support of national and international experts,
that the partial agreements and the eventual final agreement have an appropriate
gender approach".

Description

The situation of women in Colombia is complex, since Afro-Colombian, indigenous, peasant women
and people from the city all have their specific economic, political,
social and cultural problems.
The importance of the Gender subcommission lies in satisfying the expectations
by social and women’s organizations in Colombia and the world
regarding the peace talks as a starting point for seeking a solution to the problems
of women and their human rights.

Description

The FARC-EP considers that the fundamental role of the gender subcommission is to
meet the mandate of women's organizations in Colombia and the world, expressed through
the UN, by the Convention of 18 December 1979 on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women and the various conferences and resolutions regarding
women and gender, such as the Beijing Platform for Action of 1995 and the International
Declaration of the rights of peasants and other people who work in rural areas, 2012,
among others.

Members

FARC-EP:
Pablo Catatumbo
Victoria Sandino,
Alexandra Nariño,
Yuri Sara García,
Camila Cienfuegos,
Leidy Paola Franco
Manuela Marín
Milena Reyes

Government:
María Paulina Rivero
Lt. Juanita Millán

Mandate

1. Guarantee the inclusion of a gender perspective in the partial agreements made in
Havana, Cuba, in order to achieve better living conditions for women in Colombia.

2. Study the partial agreements again, this time in the light of the needs and rights
of women, and present proposals to the Conversation Table.

3. Enable a dialogue with social women’s organizations and movements,
as well as the LGTBI community, with the purpose of
learning and recognizing their proposals.

Achievements

The inclusion of a gender perspective in this peace process
represents a historic milestone in conflict resolution. It means to make historically invisible sectors
visible and mention them explicitly in written agreements. The recognition of the specific impact of
armed conflict on their lives and their rights, is a breakthrough that should not be underestimated
because it is known that "what is not named doesn't exist". Inclusive language and content
is a necessary first step; it is now time to materialize
these achievements and develop the specific measures that have been included in the agreements.

Achievements

Undoubtedly, women and girls will benefit from the agreements; the policy of comprehensive rural development,
for example, includes rural female heads of households as a population that should be prioritized regarding
the agreed policies and programs. The agreement on political participation will design and adopt the necessary
affirmative measures to strengthen women's participation and leadership. The agreement on illicit drugs has a
regional, social & community-based participation, with special recognition for women.

Achievements

In addition, the Declaration of Principles was a major landmark in the Agreement on Victims. These principles
include women as the main victims of human rights violations and breaches of International Humanitarian Law
such as forced displacement, and victims of “ other forms less visible but no less painful of victimization,
including sexual violence." After listening to different delegations of victims (60% women), studying proposals
(17,000), taking into account the recommendations made
by international bodies and after organizing 4 hearings on gender, we explicitly incorporated girls,
adolescents and women as a specific population into the agreements.

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