The UN High Commissioner refused the declarations by Colombian senior state officials who told the media that murders of leaders Community and human rights defenders "are due to skirmish, fights among neighbors and illicit rents”.
Bogotá, Colombia, 16 november 2017
Mr. Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary General, New York, USA
Dear Mr. Secretary General:
Following its recent three-day visiting mission to Colombia, the Security Council adopted a presidential statement paying tribute to that country’s people for embarking on the path to peace after more than 50 years of conflict.
Land rights is a central issue in the ongoing war in Colombia, making the 2011 Land Restitution law pivotal to achieving peace, says the U.N.
Havana, August 26, 2013
The delegations of the government and the FARC-EP want to remember that today, August 26, marks the first anniversary of the signing of the "General Agreement for the Termination of the conflict and the Construction of a Stable and Lasting peace."
23 July 2013: Peasants urge President Santos to declare a state of emergency in the Catatumbo region
As members of the Catatumbo Peasant Association, we want to declare publicly that:
There have been intense days of mobilization in the last two months; thousands of peasants have called for urgent action in the region, including the integration of the peasantry into all dialogue tables.
The failure to recognize the peasantry has been diagnosed by the United Nations? Human Development Report.
These mobilizations have unveiled the grave social emergency in the Catatumbo region, where the index of unsatisfied basic needs in households (NBI) oscillates between 50 and 80 percent.
The Catatumbo region is an area with a high number of victims of the rural population. These victimized peasants are those who are in protest and mobilization.
The food crisis in the region has deepened to unacceptable levels; more than 30 percent of the region?s population suffer from some degree of malnutrition due to the recent and violent eradication of coca ?elds.
The Colombian Institute for Rural Development (INCODER) has not complied with its institutional mandate of delimiting and establishing the Catatumbo Peasant Reserve Zone; this mandate is in accordance with Article 81 of Law 160 of 1994.
There are no agreements to halt the pressing situation in the Catatumbo region despite the announcements of political action made by the national government.
According to public statements by human rights monitoring bodies in the United Nations system, it?s clear that excessive use of force has been used as a tool to crack down on protesters. Such is the case of the extrajudicial execution of four peasants during protests in Oca?a.
If the aforementioned situations continue, the violation of the rights of children, women and men will reach unacceptable levels. Thus, we urge President Santos to:
1. Declare a state of emergency in the Catatumbo region in accordance with Article 215 of the Constitution.
2. Exercise the powers granted by the Constitution under the declaration of a state of emergency, and thus ensure the improvement of the social conditions that gave rise to the mobilization.
3. To include the peasantry in all deliberations regarding cultural, social, political and economic decisions.
Translation: Laura Melissa Ordo?ez